Baptized as “La Clau del Regne” (The Key to the Kingdom) by Peter IV of Aragon, the “Ceremonious”, this stronghold of Alicante had a decisive, strategic position in the War of the Two Peters (1356-1369) a war which brought the latter King against his Castilian peer who bore the same name, Peter I the Cruel. When standing at the height of the “Macho” of the Santa Bárbara Castle –the high lookout point where the old Alcazaba stood– we can once again feel the domain over the Mediterranean Sea and the inland which was held by the ancient defenders of the fort and of the city of Alicante.“La Clau del Regne” is accompanied by a host of other unique locations. For example, the fort at the islet of New Tabarca: a walled facility designed in 1769 to house and protect the colony of 300 Genoese coral gatherers from the Bey of Tunis’s wrath. Mutxamel, Busot, El Campello, the Santa Faz Monastery and its tower, and other constructions which dot the orchard area are additional route milestones. This route reveals the relationship between agrarian fertility and constructions designed for the protection of muchsought- after territory due to its richness and strategic value.
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